Posts Tagged ‘web’

Motorola : web-based OS ?

Posted: March 24, 2011 in IT/Dev
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Motorola is rumored to be developing a web-based OS (in the same way as WebOS – that uses WebKit), to avoid Android licensing and related patents problems. This could then explain why they acquired 280 North.

The iTunes web Preview now adds an AppStore category.

Tablet details / Web iTunes

Posted: January 21, 2010 in Apple
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Rumors about the mac Tablet are going more and more detailed : ebook, TV subscription, games. Moreover a web version of iTunes may be unveiled in a few months.

ITMS : web preview

Posted: January 8, 2010 in Apple
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A browser-based preview is now provided at iTunes Charts site for ITMS songs (same features as with iTunes application, however playing is handled by the QuickTime plugin).

Unity Indie 2.6 free

Posted: November 1, 2009 in Games, IT/Dev
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Unity_TropicalParadise_smallUnity Indie (2.6) games development solution is now available for free. It was priced 199$ before. That is here for download. We can also access to some demos that run directly through the browser using the Unity Web plugin (works on PPC and is really fast… ways better than any Flash). The Tropical Paradise demo is really stunning.

The Indie version isn’t listed in the licenses page, and  the Pro version remains priced 1499$. The iPhone targeted version isn’t free, however a 30 days demo is provided).

Sierra games on the web !

Posted: October 22, 2009 in Games
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The site provides web versions of famous Sierra games (from 1985 to 1987) : the first 3 KingQuest, the first 2 SpaceQuest, etc. The game engine from Sierra, AGI (Adventure Game Interpreter), has been rewritten in javascript, and image files (original ones ?) make the scenes (as it was the case initially). Moreover the developers added a multiplayer feature : then we can see other players (as clones or artefacts) appearing/disappearing, as if we were playing WOW.

Controls use the keyboard or mouse (with a feature to move quickly the character to a location, by double-clicking on the destination – can lead to some bug, like still swimming character because we left water without going to the expected out path).
The lower textfield is for chat, while available actions are selected through a menu (right click). Through the menu’s more item we can access to an options submenu : disable multiplayer, and even direct access to all of the game’s locations (select location) !

CP2JavaWS is a bridge between Cappuccino applications and Java services deployed on a webapp. It consists of a client proxy (CP class based on CPInvocation forwarding) and servlet filters,  and provides these features :

– support for encoding/decoding of complex objects graphs (including nested collections with heterogeneous elements), with references/cycles management (using paths and a CPPropertyUtils class that provides exactly the same features as BeanUtils 1.8). Also supports CPCoding protocol if specific CP/JSON mapping is required (usefull when attributes names for remote Java classes are different from CP ones).

– support for arguments types check, nil arguments, generic arguments types (CPObject/Object) by specifying a service protocol (CP class) when retreiving a proxy.

– automatic switch to JSONP mode when calling a remote service on another endpoint (except when working locally with Safari – not required).

– full digest authentication management (native browser authentication dialog or custom CP view – a default implementation is provided). The original request is sent automatically after authentication success. The server-side authentication filter allows many settings.

– habilitation filter (for finer service’s methods access control once user is authenticated).

– full jsession id tracking (sent along subsequent requests to a endpoint we authenticated to), that also allows composite applications (made from parts using remote services from different endpoints). That is close to the principle of Apple’s OpenDoc and recent Google’s wavelets.

– provided CPTableView delegate (datasource) that allows automatic browsing of large remote service’s collection result, without page break and without pause (thanks to an asynchronous read-ahead mechanism). It manages sorting (headers however not displayed yet – waiting for the new CPTableView implementation) and custom selection criterias, through a generic DAO component on the server-side (based on Hibernate).

– Direct2CP feature : it provides automatic generation of master (table) and detail views, and edit/insert/delete management, by just setting the elements CP class (that mode uses internally the previous CPTableView delegate and generic Java remote DAO service). A custom detail view can be used instead the generic/generated one (has then to implement some delegate methods to benefit from the provided detail view controller and remote DAO service). A custom service can also be used instead of the generic DAO service (if using a non relational datastore or connector).

Demo : the distribution includes a working example that features custom objects and nested collections arguments with cycle, default CP authentication dialog, demo authentication and habilitation services, and Direct2CP mode. It is also available online at Google AppEngine :

CP2JavaWS online demo

This framework is provided under the GNU LGPL license.


On the client-side :

var endPoint = [CP2JavaWSEndPoint
var remoteService = [endPoint
IDemoService1" delegate:self];
[remoteService method1:"arg1StringValue"
andArg2:2 andArg3:myCustomObject delegateRespHandler:@selector(successHandler1:) delegateFailHandler:@selector(failHandler1:)];

There isn’t any limitation in types and count of passed arguments. By default the first selector part when calling remote service’s method is the method’s name (Java name), and following selector parts can be named as we want (don’t have any equivalent on the Java server side method’s signature). We can however use setUsesFullSelectorName method on the proxy service to use the full selector parts as the remote service’s method name (default mode when specifying a protocol – see below).
Supported collections for call arguments and return objects graphs are CPArray (List) and CPDictionary (Map), and they can be nested at any depth. Moreover heterogeneous collection elements are allowed (can also be custom objects or other collections…).

We can pass a protocol (CP class with methods signatures) when retreiving the proxy, in order to allow arguments check, nil arguments values, and generic arguments types (CPObject/Object) :

var remoteService = [endPoint1 proxyForJavaServiceInterface:@"" objjProtocol:"Service1Protocol" delegate:self];

Service protocol example :
@implementation Service1Protocol : CPObject {}
-(CPArray) readForAa:(MyCustomClass)aCustom Bb:(CPArray)aArray Cc:(CPDictionary)aDictionary Dd:(CPInteger)aInt Ee:(CPString)aStr Ff:(BOOL)aBool Gg:(CPDecimal)aDEC Hh:(CPDate)aDate Ii:(CPObject)aGeneric {}


On the server-side :

Just add the cp2javaws-filter.jar and the service factory support jar (for example cp2javaws-springsupport.jar) in the application’s WEB-INF/lib (along with json-lib-2.2.3-jdk13.jar, Jakarta commons-lang 2.4, commons-beanutils 1.8.0, commons-collections 3.2, commons-logging 1.1.1, ezmorph 1.0.6, and base spring.jar – 2.8 Mo – if Spring factory). The cp2javaws-filter.jar and cp2javaws-springsupport.jar have been compiled using JDK 1.5 (recompile with provided source if needed).

For custom service factory/framework, a listener example is provided (see server source code, and Just modify these classes to get you service factory injected, and then export these two classes into a support.jar (the same as with cp2javaws-springsupport.jar).

Add the following config to the web.xml (this example uses Spring factory) :


Add the factory config file in the web application (for example applicationContext.xml in WEB-INF if Spring, with configured services beans).

A mapping file (see provided example) has to be put on the server-side for custom Objective-J objects to Java custom objects class names mapping.

Digest authentication filter configuration

See included example webapp web.xml.

Authorization filter configuration

See included example webapp web.xml.

Why using JSON / namespace consideration / CP2JavaWS comparison with GWT / Spring 3 REST servlet

JSON is intended to be used as a simple serialization format for REST exchanges, so it doesn’t manage namespace problematics. We can read a useful article about its limitations and read a thread that explores possible extensions for JSON to be namespace aware :

A more robust solution would have been to use a format such as XStream one (that I have used extensively on other projects from Java dynamic proxies), but it would have required an Objective-J implementation of that framework. Like Ojbective-C, Objective-J still provides its own object serialiazation format through coders (objects data are available as CPData). However on the other side (Java server) an implementation would have also been required.

GWT doesn’t face this problem as the client code (generated into javascript) is written in Java, so the generation tool can use the same serialization Java APIs (furthermore each service parameter object is defined only once. With CP2JavaWS it has to be defined both in Java and in Objective-J). However the powerful (and fully tested since NeXT era) AppKit/FoundationKit frameworks and Interface Builder/Atlas tools available in Cappuccino overcome that little overhead.
Moreover Cappuccino allows mixing Objective-J code and javascript code (in a completely transparent manner, as Objective-C with C/C++ code), that allows to reuse existing js libraries and easily include accessibility features (are being introduced in modern browsers).
GWT uses a generation step to allow client-side javascript<–>JSON serializers/deserializers generation, as they have to be static (are javascript code). Objective-J runtime dynamic feature doesn’t require any manual generation step, as the end javascript is produced at execution time.

The Spring project also plans to provide such of REST bridge servlet for Spring 3 version, and the namespace problematics are widely discussed. We can find an example of JSON to Spring beans request parameters mapping servlet here :

Why not a Java to Objective-J generation tool for Cappuccino, like with GWT ?

Such tool allows far more easier development of the solution, it can lead to more optimized code (faster because of static code produced, no dynamic feature) and it allows writing code in Java (and business objects used as services’s parameters and return are declared only one time). However it breaks the development cycle and isn’t elegant.

After all, what would we say if object-relationnal mapping frameworks required to use a tool to generate some DAO from the mapping files ? Instead they use reflection APIs to dynamically generate objects from mapping description files. I know some implementations (based on the JDO specification) are based on a bytecode enhancement step (to compare with GWT generation step), that allows datastore type abstraction (database, but also filesystem, CICS, etc.) and better performance. But the result is that most people stayed with standard reflection based solutions (notably Hibernate, a defacto standard – not even based initially on any specification…)

Google had no other way to make GWT work than to use a generation step, because their end client code is pure javascript (so no way to implement such remote service proxy). Thanks to Cappuccino Objective-C runtime (converts Objective-J code into javascript at runtime using a JIT pre-interpreter), the proxy could be implemented without requiring a generation step.